Citizenship League believes that the continuous internal armed conflicts in the region, for nearly five years, have resulted in many cases of grave violations of human rights. The great lack of experience, capacity, and knowledge to hold accountable all the perpetrators of such violations, puts us in front of great challenges soon.
The reality of judicial body, laws, and legislation, and the situation of lawyers do not support achieving justice in the prosecution and accountability of perpetrators of grave violations of human rights, which may increase the tragedy and the cases of the violations.
Thus, Legal experts must play a role in leading the society towards justice, through the development of their scientific abilities, and equipping them with skills and practical experience in carrying out judicial and legal proceedings in prosecuting and prosecuting perpetrators of violations. Therefore, the League organized a workshop to train lawyers, which was attended by 18 participants from organizations, activists and human rights defenders. The workshop took place in Bella Riva hotel in Beirut, between the 30th of November and the 11th of December, 2015. These sessions addressed the subjects of International humanitarian law and international human rights law, contractual and non-contractual international protection mechanisms, and the International conventions, and introduced as well some international organizations. The sessions also covered the concept of citizenship and the classification and resolution of conflicts through theoretical introductions and exercises.
During the practical part of the workshop, the trainees were assigned to work together on the scientific materials they received, and it was agreed to exchange ideas during the coming period on the important topics of the next two workshops.
The overall objective of the workshop:
Improve lawyers’ skills and competencies, to enable them to prepare judicial files on serious violations of human rights in the future, and to plead before the competent courts.
The specific objectives:
The first objective: Training on international human rights law.
The second objective: Training on international humanitarian law.
The third objective: Training on international protection mechanisms.
The fourth objective: Introducing the most important international conventions, such as conventions related to children and women.
Organizers of the workshop:
- Citizenship League.
- Frederich Ebert Stiftung institution.
20 lawyers, activists in Human rights field, Rate of women participation is 30%. The ages of trainees ranged between 25 and 64 years.
Beirut – Bella Riva hotel.
Date and duration:
12 days, between the 30th of November and the 11th of December, 2015.
The training was conducted by a group of trainers; Joumana Merhi, Manar Zaiter, Dani Berbari, Dyala Shehade, Zahra Bazzi, Fateh Azzam, Wesam Jalahej, Ibrahim Al Qassem, and it was divided into two parts, theoretical and practical, according to the following:
International Mechanism of Justice Program
The first training for lawyers
|09:00-09:30||Welcoming session / program introduction||30/11|
|09:30-11:15||Introduction to Public International Law and main international charters – Charter of the United Nations|
|11:30-13:15||Rights and duties of States – International responsibility|
|13:30-15:30||The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties|
|17:30- 16:30||Basic principles on the role of lawyers – Guidelines on the Role of prosecutors|
|08:30-10:15||History of Human Rights – Introducing Human Rights
(Universal Declaration – The two covenants and the third generation)
|10:30-12:15||Political and civil rights|
|12:30-14:30||Optional protocols to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)|
|14:45-16:00||Basic principles on the independence of the judicial authority|
|08:30-10:15||Economic, social and cultural rights||02/12|
|10:30-12:15||Economic, social and cultural rights (cont’d)|
|12:30-14:30||International Labour Organization|
|14:45-16:00||Principles on Internal Displacement and the Principles of Pinheiro|
|08:30-10:15||The 1951 Refugee convention||03/12|
|10:30-12:15||Protocol on refugees 1967|
|12:30-14:30||CEDAW (Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women) and resolution 1325|
|14:45-16:00||Convention on the Rights of the Child|
|08:30-10:15||The role of international and UN organizations in the internal armed conflict||04/12|
|10:30-12:15||Practical exercises on fair trials|
|12:30-14:30||International Convention against Enforced Disappearance – National mechanisms to deal with enforced disappearance|
|14:45-16:00||Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners ـ United Nations Convention against Torture|
|08:30-10:15||The emergence of international humanitarian law – The principle of legal protection – Hague Conventions||05/12|
The difference between international humanitarian law and human rights law.
|12:30-14:30||The concept of conflict – conflict classification – Conflict Resolution|
|Full day break 06\12\2015|
|08:30-10:15||Geneva Conventions – Principles of International Humanitarian Law||07/12|
|12:30-14:30||Common Article 3 and protection of civilians and civilian objects|
|14:45-16:00||Common principles between international human rights law and international humanitarian law|
|08:30-10:15||United Nations human rights bodies
(United Nations Human Rights Council)
|10:30-12:15||Contractual mechanisms for the protection of human rights|
|12:30-14:30||Guidelines for Periodic Reports of Contractual Commissions – (practical session )|
|14:45-16:00||Complaints mechanism for the contractual committees – (practical session )|
|08:30-10:15||International non-contractual mechanisms for the protection of human rights||09/12|
|10:30-12:15||Practical session on non-contractual mechanisms ـ complaints according to special procedures|
|12:30-14:30||The role of national human rights components and institutions and non-governmental organizations in the activation of international mechanisms|
|14:45-16:00||Introductory session through the web page of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)|
|10:30-12:15||Citizenship basis (cont’d)|
|14:45-16:00||The link between human rights and citizenship|
|08:30-10:15||The Universal Periodic Report (UPR)||11/12|
|10:30-12:15||Our commitment in writing The Universal Periodic Report|
|12:30-14:30||Mechanisms to deal with recommendations and concluding observations of international committees and bodies|
|14:45-16:00||Evaluation / wrap-up|