The first training for lawyers | International Mechanism of Justice Program | December 2015

Citizenship League believes that the continuous internal armed conflicts in the region, for nearly five years, have resulted in many cases of grave violations of human rights. The great lack of experience, capacity, and knowledge to hold accountable all the perpetrators of such violations, puts us in front of great challenges soon.

The reality of judicial body, laws, and legislation, and the situation of lawyers do not support achieving justice in the prosecution and accountability of perpetrators of grave violations of human rights, which may increase the tragedy and the cases of the violations.

Thus, Legal experts must play a role in leading the society towards justice, through the development of their scientific abilities, and equipping them with skills and practical experience in carrying out judicial and legal proceedings in prosecuting and prosecuting perpetrators of violations. Therefore, the League organized a workshop to train lawyers, which was attended by 18 participants from organizations, activists and human rights defenders. The workshop took place in Bella Riva hotel in Beirut, between the 30th of November and the 11th of December, 2015. These sessions addressed the subjects of International humanitarian law and international human rights law, contractual and non-contractual international protection mechanisms, and the International conventions, and introduced as well some international organizations. The sessions also covered the concept of citizenship and the classification and resolution of conflicts through theoretical introductions and exercises.

During the practical part of the workshop, the trainees were assigned to work together on the scientific materials they received, and it was agreed to exchange ideas during the coming period on the important topics of the next two workshops.

The overall objective of the workshop:

Improve lawyers’ skills and competencies, to enable them to prepare judicial files on serious violations of human rights in the future, and to plead before the competent courts.

The specific objectives:

The first objective: Training on international human rights law.

The second objective: Training on international humanitarian law.

The third objective: Training on international protection mechanisms.

The fourth objective: Introducing the most important international conventions, such as conventions related to children and women.

Organizers of the workshop:

  • Citizenship League.
  • Frederich Ebert Stiftung institution.

Target group:

20 lawyers, activists in Human rights field, Rate of women participation is 30%. The ages of trainees ranged between 25 and 64 years.


Beirut – Bella Riva hotel.

Date and duration:

12 days, between the 30th of November and the 11th of December, 2015.

Program organization:

The training was conducted by a group of trainers; Joumana Merhi, Manar Zaiter, Dani Berbari, Dyala Shehade, Zahra Bazzi, Fateh Azzam, Wesam Jalahej, Ibrahim Al Qassem, and it was divided into two parts, theoretical and practical, according to the following:

International Mechanism of Justice Program

The first training for lawyers

Time Subject Date
Day 1 
09:00-09:30 Welcoming session / program introduction 30/11
09:30-11:15 Introduction to Public International Law and main international charters – Charter of the United Nations
11:15-11:30 Break
11:30-13:15 Rights and duties of States – International responsibility
13:15– 13:30 Break
13:30-15:30 The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
15:30-16:30 Lunch break
17:30- 16:30 Basic principles on the role of lawyers  – Guidelines on the Role of prosecutors
Day 2 
08:30-10:15 History of Human Rights – Introducing Human Rights
(Universal Declaration – The two covenants and the third generation)


10:15-10:30 Break
10:30-12:15 Political and civil rights
12:15-12:30 Break
12:30-14:30 Optional protocols to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)
14:30-14:45 Break
14:45-16:00 Basic principles on the independence of the judicial authority
Day 3
08:30-10:15 Economic, social and cultural rights 02/12
10:15-10:30 Break
10:30-12:15 Economic, social and cultural rights (cont’d)
12:15-12:30 Break
12:30-14:30 International Labour Organization
14:30-14:45 Break
14:45-16:00 Principles on Internal Displacement and the Principles of Pinheiro
Day 4
08:30-10:15 The 1951 Refugee convention 03/12
10:15-10:30 Break
10:30-12:15 Protocol on refugees 1967
12:15-12:30 Break
12:30-14:30 CEDAW (Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women) and resolution 1325
14:30-14:45 Break
14:45-16:00 Convention on the Rights of the Child
Day 5
08:30-10:15 The role of international and UN organizations in the internal armed conflict 04/12
10:15-10:30 Break
10:30-12:15 Practical exercises on fair trials
12:15-12:30 Break
12:30-14:30 International Convention against Enforced Disappearance – National mechanisms to deal with enforced disappearance
14:30-14:45 Break
14:45-16:00 Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners ـ United Nations Convention against Torture
Day 6
08:30-10:15 The emergence of international humanitarian law – The principle of legal protection – Hague Conventions 05/12
10:15-10:30 Break

The difference between international humanitarian law and human rights law.
Integration of international humanitarian law with other legal systems

12:15-12:30 Break
12:30-14:30 The concept of conflict – conflict classification – Conflict Resolution
14:30-14:45 Break
14:45-16:00 International organizations
Day 7
Full day break   06\12\2015
Day 8
08:30-10:15 Geneva Conventions – Principles of International Humanitarian Law 07/12
10:15-10:30 Break
10:30-12:15 Optional protocols
12:15-12:30 Break
12:30-14:30 Common Article 3 and protection of civilians and civilian objects
14:30-14:45 Break
14:45-16:00 Common principles between international human rights law and international humanitarian law
Day 9
08:30-10:15 United Nations human rights bodies
(United Nations Human Rights Council)
10:15-10:30 Break
10:30-12:15 Contractual mechanisms for the protection of human rights
12:15-12:30 Break
12:30-14:30 Guidelines for Periodic Reports of Contractual Commissions – (practical session )
14:30-14:45 Break
14:45-16:00 Complaints mechanism for the contractual committees – (practical session )
Day 10
08:30-10:15 International non-contractual mechanisms for the protection of human rights 09/12
10:15-10:30 Break
10:30-12:15 Practical session on non-contractual mechanisms ـ complaints according to special procedures
12:15-12:30 Break
12:30-14:30 The role of national human rights components and institutions and non-governmental organizations in the activation of international mechanisms
14:30-14:45 Break
14:45-16:00 Introductory session through the web page of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
Day 11
08:30-10:15 Citizenship basis 10/12
10:15-10:30 Break
10:30-12:15 Citizenship basis (cont’d)
12:15-12:30 Break
12:30-14:30 Citizenship values
14:30-14:45 Break
14:45-16:00 The link between human rights and citizenship
Day 12
08:30-10:15 The Universal Periodic Report (UPR) 11/12
10:15-10:30 Break
10:30-12:15 Our commitment in writing The Universal Periodic Report
12:15-12:30 Break
12:30-14:30 Mechanisms to deal with recommendations and concluding observations of international committees and bodies
14:30-14:45 Break
14:45-16:00  Evaluation / wrap-up



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