Transitional Justice Program
Supported by Hivos
The policies and wrong approaches practiced by the Arab regimes over decades of its rule, led to the explosion of revolutions and popular uprisings in these countries; some of which took a military nature with considerable bloodshed, and resulted of thousands of victims, wounded, displaced persons and refugees, and left behind massive destruction of housing and infrastructure.
These policies are characterized by lack of trust between the government and the citizen, and by the domination over civil society and restricting its institutions, as well as the absence of the rule of law, and corruption to unprecedented levels, and increasing violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms, derogation of citizenship, and the absence of democratic practices in the state and society.
The popular movement began in the streets of different Arab country “The Arab Spring”, as peaceful protests, but as a result of many factors, namely the violence used by the systems, the movement turned to an armed conflict, that resulted in dozens, even hundreds, or thousands of dead and wounded and same numbers of detainees and missing people, and more than 7 million displaced and refugees.
In post-conflict situation, the transitional justice mechanisms become a necessity to achieve peace, reconciliation, recompenses and justice for the victims. Transitional Justice in definition: is a response to a systematic or widespread violation of human rights, aims to achieve due recognition endured by the victims of abuses, and to enhance the possibilities for achieving peace, reconciliation and democracy.
In every country in conflict, the transitional justice must be introduced, and its mechanisms should be trained on, in order to become accessible to all civil society activists, all the actors, decision-makers, victims and the conflicting parties, so to assist the authorities and the transitional administrations and civil society to formulate better responses to the needs of transitional justice.
Hence, Citizenship League has adopted the transitional justice program among its programs, to introduce transitional justice, to encourage dialogue between the conflicting parties, and to push for reconciliation based on accountability and justice for the victims, and to participate in national consultations to promote values of human rights and citizenship in the state institutions of post-conflict.